High blood pressure is also known as hypertension, which refers to elevated blood pressure. Blood pressure of the human body refers to the force or pressure, on the arterial wall exerted by the circulating blood. High blood pressure means that the force or pressure on the wall of the arteries is higher than the normal due to circulating blood. Normal blood pressure is 120/80, where 120 is the measure of systolic pressure, while 80 is the normal level of diastolic pressure.
Hypertension is a complex disorder, which is usually classified as essential or primary hypertension and secondary hypertension. There are no known medical causes for primary hypertension, while secondary hypertension is caused by tumors or kidney diseases. The main risk factors for primary hypertension or high blood pressure, are obesity, a sedentary lifestyle, vitamin D deficiency, alcoholism, sodium sensitivity, insulin resistance, and an increased level of renin enzyme. In addition to these, genetics is also believed to play an important role in increasing the risk of high blood pressure. On the other hand, secondary hypertension is caused due to abnormalities of the adrenal glands, kidney problems, pregnancy, medications, and sleep disorders. Hypertension is one of the common reasons for strokes, coronary heart diseases, heart attacks, and kidney failure and so it is very important to control this disorder.
How to Cure High Blood Pressure
The usual treatment options for hypertension are medications, along with lifestyle and dietary modifications. However, in recent times, the popularity of herbal remedies for high blood pressure has increased considerably. Here is an account of some widely used high blood pressure treatments.
Medications for High Blood Pressure
There is no permanent cure for high blood pressure, but it can be controlled with several medications. The medications commonly used in the treatment of high blood pressure are ACE inhibitors, calcium channel blockers and diuretics, and angiotensin II receptor antagonists. Sometimes, alpha-blockers, beta-blockers, and renin inhibitors are also used to treat high blood pressure. However, most of the medications cause side effects like headaches, drowsiness, dizziness, a dry mouth, constipation, depression, and sleeping problems.
Lifestyle modifications, like regular exercise and dietary changes, can be quite effective in naturally controlling high blood pressure. Physicians also recommend changing your lifestyle along with important medical prescriptions to regulate your blood pressure level. Regular aerobic exercise can effectively lower the risk associated with high blood pressure by regulating blood pressure and reducing weight and improving blood circulation. It is also important to lower the intake of sugar and sodium in the diet.
A diet that contains a large number of vegetables and fresh fruits, is ideal for people with high blood pressure. It has been revealed through several studies, that the intake of calcium, potassium, and magnesium can significantly lower blood pressure by counteracting the effects of sodium. Vitamin A and C can also reduce the risk of atherosclerosis, which is a serious complication associated with high blood pressure.
Herbs for High Blood Pressure
Today, alternative medicines like herbs are being increasingly used for treating a number of ailments including high blood pressure. Some of the popular herbal high blood pressure cures are garlic, turmeric, cloves, hawthorn, Ginkgo biloba, ginger, and olive leaf extracts. Garlic and clove are quite beneficial in reducing the level of cholesterol and blood pressure, while the leaves, flowers, and berries of hawthorn can be used in maintaining proper heart functions and stabilizing an irregular heartbeat.
Turmeric is beneficial in lowering cholesterol, preventing the formation of blood clots, improving blood circulation, and strengthening blood vessels. Ginkgo biloba is also effective in improving blood circulation and in dilating arteries. Similarly, olive leaf extracts can lower blood pressure and alleviate an irregular heartbeat. However, some of these herbs can clash with certain medications and supplements, and therefore, it is advisable to take such herbs only under the guidance of an expert or professional.
So regular exercise and a healthy diet, along with medications, are of prime importance in order to cure high blood pressure and reducing the associated complications. In addition to all these, avoiding alcohol and smoking are also crucial to effectively control high blood pressure.
Tiffany is a Medical Student and also works as a fitness coach in part-time. She is also a writer and writes on health and fitness articles. Tiffany loves to engage with users and help them provide various useful information on General Health. She provides researched-based information and also featured on various blogs and magazines.